Filipino (English: /ˌfɪlɪˈpiːno/), also known as Pilipino, is the national language of the Philippines. Filipino is also designated, along with English, as an official language of the country. It is a standardized variety of the Tagalog language, an Austronesian regional language that is widely spoken in the Philippines. Tagalog is the first language of 24 million people or about one-fourth of the Philippine population as of 2019, while 45 million speak Tagalog as their second language as of 2013. Tagalog is among the 185 languages of the Philippines identified in the Ethnologue. Officially, Filipino is defined by the Commission on the Filipino Language (Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino in Filipino or simply KWF) as "the native dialect, spoken and written, in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region, and in other urban centers of the archipelago". As of 2000, over 90% of the population could speak Tagalog, approximately 80% could speak Filipino and 60% could speak English.
Fun Fact: Filipino (Pinoy or Pinay) is also a word used to call a citizen of the Philippines. Pinoy was created to differentiate the experiences of those immigrating to the United States, but is now a slang term used to refer to all people of Filipino descent.
The Difference Between Filipino and Tagalog: Tagalog is the foundation upon which Filipino was built, and Filipino is the natural evolution of Tagalog. Filipino has incorporated a number of modern words from English and Spanish. For example, the Spanish word “diccionario” has been incorporated into Filipino as “diksyunaryio.” However, a Tagalog purist might insist on the native word for dictionary, which is “talatinigan.” The purpose of this was to embrace the widespread preference for a number of words derived from English and Spanish, as well as the incorporation of “Western” letters such as j, c, x, z, and f. These were not natural sounds to the native citizens of those islands before the arrival of foreigners from Spain and the Americas, but they quickly became a part of the Filipino alphabet.
For an infographic over the Filipino language, click here.
|Where is …||Nasaan ang …|
|What is this?||Ano ito?|
|What time is it?||Anong oras na?|
|Do you have …?||Meron ka bang …?|
|Do you like …?||Gusto mo ba ng …?|
|What do you recommend?||Ano ang nirerekomenda mo?|
|Where can I …?||Saan ako makaka-…?|
|Who is …?||Sino si …?|
|When is …?||Kailan ang …?|
|Good morning||Magandang umaga|
|Good day||Magandang tanghali (used around noon)|
|Good afternoon||Magandang hapon|
|Good Night/Evening||Magandang gabi|
|What is your name?||Ano ang pangalan mo?|
|My name is …||Ako si …|
|How are you?||Kumusta ka? (singular) | Kumusta kayo? (plural)|
|Thank you very much||Maraming salamat|
|I love you||Mahal kita|
COMMUNICATING BASIC INFORMATION
|I like …||Gusto ko …|
|I don’t like …||Ayaw ko …|
|I speak … (languages)||Nagsasalita ako ng …|
|I’d like to go to …||Gusto ko pumunta sa …|
|I live in …||Nakatira ako sa …|
|It is … PM/AM or o'clock (telling time)||Ala(s)-… na ng umaga/hapon/gabi|
August 16th 2021, 10:07 AM BST